Knowledge for local climate change adaptation in Sweden: challenges of multilevel governance
Adaptation to climate change is often perceived as a local concern; yet local stakeholders are inﬂuenced by knowledge and politics from international and national contexts. Based on a review of Swedish climate change adaptation policy and interviews and focus groups in the Stockholm region, this paper discusses how knowledge relevant to climate change adaptation has been institutionalised in Sweden and how this may affect the potential for learning. The results indicate that the institutionalising of knowledge and knowledge exchange has been weak, especially compared to the implementation of Local Agenda 21, which also calls for action at the local level. So far, Swedish adaptation policy has relied mainly on soft governance tools. Further, we conclude that there is need for improved mechanisms for feedback from the local to the national level in this rapidly evolving policy ﬁeld.
Annika E. Nilsson, Åsa Gerger Swartling & Katarina Eckerberg (2012): Knowledge for local climate change adaptation in Sweden: challenges of multilevel governance, Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 17:6-7, 751-767