Using communicators to reach farmers with climate information services
Training of climate communicators and intermediaries
A collaborative project aims to support farmers with locally relevant weather and climate information for their daily on-farm decisions as well as making sure they know how to make the best use out of it.
The project goes under the name Participatory Integrated Climate Services for Agriculture (PICSA) approach and is carried out in collaboration with the Walker Institute at the University of Reading and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
The PICSA approach uses locally relevant climate information and data and participatory decision-making tools to enable small-scale farmers to improve their resilience under climate change.
Walker Institute and CCAFS are developing ways to disseminate local climate information using the PICSA approach by training local climate communicators, or intermediaries, who can train farmers.
The ‘training-of-trainers’ activities particularly target intermediaries who are already working with farmers, such as agriculture extension agents. These agents have the experience and commitment from which the project hopes to learn and which it seeks to incorporate into its activities.
Several training workshops have already been organised jointly by CCAFS and the WFP as part of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) Adaptation Program in Africa.
A recent workshop was held in Malawi, supported by the Department of Climate Change and Metrological Services (DCCMS). Participants came from the Ministry of Agriculture and Concern Universal in the Balaka District, the Malawi Red Cross from Nsanje and Lilongwe Districts, as well as one participant from Farm Radio Trust in Lilongwe.
In using the specifically developed tools and methods within the PICSA approach, intermediaries can support farmers as they draw up plans for their future livelihoods. This can include choosing between new crops and livestock, or alternate livelihood options suited to farmers’ own circumstances and a changing climate. Farmers are also given seasonal and short-term forecasts before the season starts to help either revise or implement their plans.
In the photo: PICSA trainings carried out by communicators include introducing the concept of climate change, rainfall variability, and present the country’s historical rainfall data and forecasts. Photo: C. Schubert (CCAFS)
The recent trainings in Malawi gathered 80 participants and included a field activity in the Balaka district. Here the group used the outlined PICSA tools such as drawing resource maps, seasonal calendars, outlining participatory budgets, and calculating historical climate data to get probable seasonal rainfall totals and planting days for crops together with farmers.
The extension agents will now go on and work with thousands of farmers by targeting 2,500 households in the various Malawi districts for a more food-secure future.