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Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation in the Philippines: Guidance Document for Local-level indicators

This document provides guidance on developing local level indicators for climate change adaptation from the perspectives of children and their communities.
Multiple Authors
Vincent Viguié


How do we know if a climate change program has helped children and their communities adapt to the impacts of climate change?

What does successful adaptation look like from the perspective of children, youth and their communities?

This guidance document provides details of a focus group discussion (FGD) process and tools, including additional interview questions and an analysis guide, to help practitioners answer these questions – specifically, to understand how children and their communities have been supported to adapt to climate change. The guidance document was developed through the Australian Aid-funded Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation (CC-CBA) Project in the Philippines.

The process in this guidance document, including FGD questions, has been field-tested with children and their communities and iteratively refined over the course of this project. The framework for answering these questions is based on local-level indicators of climate change adaptation.

These indicators are intended to help understand changes and progress as a result of project activities. The FGD process is thus qualitative. Some indicators can also be translated through scalar (quantitative) measures.

Specifically, this document provides guidance on when and how to conduct a focus group discussion (FGD), instructions for FGD facilitators and documenters, an FGD question guide, guidance on conducting supplementary interviews and questions to use, debrief instructions with an associated discussion guide and note-taking template, and guidance for analysis and an analysis framework template.

The full text can be downloaded from the right-hand column of this page.

Project details

Plan International Australia, in partnership with Save the Children, implemented the ‘Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation’ project in the Philippines (“the CC-CBA project”) between July 2012 and December 2015. This project was funded through the Australian Aid Program’s Community-based Climate Change Action Grants.

Its objectives were:

  1. To increase the resilience of vulnerable children, youth and their communities in forty Barangays to climate change impacts.
  2. To strengthen the evidence base within the Philippines for child-centred climate change adaptation that informs policy and practice.

As research partner, the Institute for Sustainable Futures provided guidance on developing local level indicators of climate change adaptation from the perspectives of children and their communities. The research drew upon the evidence base generated through the CC-CBA project monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and knowledge-sharing about child- and community-identified indicators.

View the main project page: Act to Adapt – Child Centred Climate Change Adaptation Project in Asia and the Pacific

Suggested citation

Joanne Chong, Pia Treichel, Anna Gero, Rachelle Nuestro, Joseph McDonough, William Azucena, Joan Abes and Nina Abogado (2015) Child-Centred Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation in the Philippines: Guidance Document for Local Adaptation Indicators. Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology Sydney and Plan International Australia.

Related Articles

What Indicates Improved Resilience to Climate Change? A Learning and Evaluative Process Developed From a Child-Centered, Community-Based Project in the Philippines”. Written by Chong, J., Gero, A., & Treichel, P. (2015) and published in D. Bours, C. McGinn, & P. Pringle (Eds.), Monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation: A review of the landscape. New Directions for Evaluation, 147, 105–116.

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