Tri-National de la Sangha Landscape
This background note has been produced to support the vulnerability assessment in the COBAM project case study in the landscape.
The Tri-National de la Sangha (TNS) landscape came into being during a summit of heads of state and Governments of the Economic Community of Central African States held on 17 March 1999 in Yaoundé, Cameroon.
Threats on resources Uncontrolled exploitation of resources in the TNS stems from human impacts on biodiversity. The pressure from poaching and illegal hunting remains the most severe threat, as well as uncontrolled extraction of gold and diamonds, which is more devastating than timber logging.The destruction of forests by fire for slash-and-burn agriculture is also on the list of threats. The biological diversity of the TNS is constantly threatened by human encroachment in protected areas and this is a major cause of habitat and animal species decline and fragmentation.
Opportunities for Adaptation and REDD The main opportunities for the Tri-National de la Sangha to adapt to climate change and successfully engage in the REDD process are: • Financing by financial partners of community development activities (EU, PACEBCo etc.); • Development of initiatives and associations on adaptation and mitigation to climate change; • Development of actions for sustainable and good management (certification, management planning, enforcing laws on forestry the environment and wildlife) in national policies and approaches at various decision-making levels.
Challenges and constraints The effects of climate change are a global challenge, and the TNS cannot be excluded since the wellbeing of the people is at stake. One of the greatest challenges is to reverse the forest degradation trend caused by high deforestation rates. With this as an objective, CIFOR has implemented various climate change adaptation projects in TNS areas – supporting farming communities and distributing improved varieties of short-cycle corn seeds. It is also important to identify and implement activities which mitigate climate change.
Citation: Tadjuidje, M.; Dipapoundji, B.; Mowawa, S.B (2012) Tri-National de la Sangha Landscape