The concentration of people, infrastructure and ecosystem services make Taiwan prime sites for climate change adaptation. Promoting adaptation, however, is not only a technical obligation but also a social and political challenge that relies new studies to support. The Taiwan Integrated Research Programme on Climate Change Adaptation Technology (TaiCCAT) was formed in 2011 to develop knowledge for decision-making services in adaptation. Following the interdisciplinary approach, three working groups were established and highly recommended to collaboration and communication. The research outcomes could be divided in three major parts: first, to present the extremity of climate change in Taiwan; second, to develop pathways and supporting tools in practical fields; and third, to examine the capacity of decision-making in promoting climate adaptation. All of them are closely linked to the ways of local governance and implementation.