Formed in 1999, the INGC is responsible for conducting mitigation efforts (such as collection and analysis of data), undertaking preparedness measures (e.g. awareness campaigns), and coordinating disaster response (including distribution of food, tents, and other supplies). Since June 2008 it is also responsible, through the Reconstruction Coordination Office (GACOR), for the resettlement of persons displaced by natural disasters. The INGC prepares for and responds to both natural disasters, such as droughts, floods, and tropical cyclones—the three natural hazards to which Mozambique is most vulnerable—and man-made disasters, such as the 2008 South Africa riots. The INGC coordinates disaster management efforts with and receives support from public and private institutions, non-governmental organisations, and international organisations, including Concern Worldwide, the government of Germany, and the United Nations.

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