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O R C H I D

IDS's screening tool for addressing unmanaged risks of development programmes and their adaptation components.
Multiple Authors

Opportunities and Risks of Climate Change and Disasters (ORCHID)

Developed by IDS, this tool is designed to be a light touch screening process for donors, development organisations and their partners to integrate risk reduction and adaptation processes into their programmes. The process utilises quantitative inputs from climate science, which are applied to the risk assessment of programmes usually at wide scales, and using directional trends rather than discrete figures.

The approach used by ORCHID is based on different stages of the screening methodology, emphasising its role in raising awareness and conceptualising adaptation as a learning process. While it will not be feasible to reduce all climate risks, this process allows for their more systematic consideration in development programmes, and thus within a multiple stressor context.

The output of ORCHID is to identify a range of adaptation options for tackling unmanaged risks and exploiting opportunities for strengthening adaptive capacity. The process makes recommendations for how programmes might enhance risk management through adaptive practices and cost-benefit analysis, and sector economic assessments are undertaken for areas where clear adaptation options can be discerned and where sufficient data is available.

ORCHID Climate Risk Management and Assessment Methodology

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Review of Adaptation Decision Tools

Introduction: Reviewing of adaptation decision tools

Reviewing tools that use a bottom-up approach & recommendations

BACLIAT

SMCE/NAIADE

UKCIP Adaptation Wizard

PACT

ESPACE

CRiSTAL

ORCHID

ADAM

Conditions of Applicability

Goals

Sectors

Analytical scope

Case Studies

Goals-oriented lens

Sector-oriented lens

Analytical scope lens

Related resources

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